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# One Less Than The Previous

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One less than the previous or One less than the before :As the name indicates this sutra involves subtracting one from the given number to get our final result.This sutra is highly helpful in case of multiplication by 9,99,999....to any other number and in solving fractions of certain numbers like (1/7),(1/13),(1/17)..etc.

PART 1: For solving Multiplications

Example 1:

6 * 9 = ?

Step 1 : Minus one from the number on L.H.S digit  above
Step 2 : Minus the answer(result) got from step 1 from R.H.S digit (i.e  5 from number 9)

6-1 = 5
9-5 = 4
Combine them LHS,RHS ,to get 54

Therefore,The Result for 6 * 9 = 54

Example 2:
Now lets try the same with 99

75 * 99 =?

Step 1 : 75 -1 = 74
Step 2 : 99 -74 = 25

Combining the above result, 7425

Therefore,The Result : 75 * 99 = 7425

Example 3:
Now lets try the same again with 999

899 * 999 =?

Step 1: 899-1 = 898
Step 2: 999-898 = 101

Combining the above, 898101

Therefore,The Result :899 * 999 = 898101

Example 4:
Try 9765 * 9999 =?

Step 1 : 9765 - 1 = 9764
Step 2 : 9999 - 9764  = 0235

Therefore,The Result : 9765 * 9999 = 97640235

Note:
This can be done to any number of digits of 9...is'nt  it wonderful ! .Wondered why?Thats the Beauty of number '9'.Check  here to get the answer.

Algebraic Proof:
Take any two digit number in form of (10 x + y)

Now,multiplying it with (10x + y ) x 99
= ( 10x + y ) x ( 100 – 1 )
= 10x . 100 - 10x +100y - y
= 10x . 102 – 10x + 102 .y – y
= x . 103 + y . 102 – ( 10x + y )
= x . 103 + ( y – 1 ) . 102 + [ 102 – ( 10x + y )]

Look at our answer.We can that it is a four digit number whose 1000th place is x, 100th place is ( y - 1 ) and the two digit number which makes up the 10th and unit place is the number obtained by subtracting the multiplicand from 100.

Thus in Example 2  ,
75 * 99.
The 1000th place is x i.e. 7
The 100th place is ( y - 1 ) i.e. (5 - 1 ) = 4
Number in the last two places 100-75=25.
We got the answer as 7425
Giving, 75 * 99 =7425

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1. Carry on, wizard!

2. 3. Anonymous15 May, 2012

how cn it work for 9765*99

4. @anonymous - hadn't it been worked out above?.It will work for any digit's of 9 and you can try it yourself

5. Anonymous28 May, 2012

9765*99=(9765-98)/(9-6)/(10-5)
=966735

I do not have time to explain

6. @anonymous
Thanks for the input.As far as your math is concerned, it should follow some pattern or some algebraic proof for some similar type of numbers.

And as far as I tried it, I could'nt come to any conclusions with this or may be I am not sure.It would be great if you could share your ideas with our readers with more details of the same.

7. peloponnesse09 October, 2012

That was...beautiful.
*sniff*

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